In the month of April, the Cosmetic Town spotlight shines on cosmetic breast surgery for patients of all ages. In general, cosmetic breast surgery falls into three categories and they include breast augmentation, breast reduction and breast reconstruction. The breasts can also be lifted to make them look more youthful to others. Each of the above cosmetic breast surgery procedures is performed to make the desired changes in the look and shape of the breasts of a patient. Since there are multiples options for cosmetic breast surgery, Cosmetic Town News is here to walk patients through the differences of each of these cosmetic surgery options.
Breast augmentation, AKA augmentation mammoplasty, is a cosmetic breast surgery that is performed on a patient looking to enhance the appearance, size and contour of the breasts. There are multiple reasons that women look to undergo cosmetic breast augmentation. There are some women who feel that their breasts are too small while others are looking to augment the size of their breasts after changes have happened to them due to pregnancy. In addition, some patients look to have breast augmentation in order to correct asymmetry in the size of the breasts.
Cosmetic breast augmentation is performed by the placing of implants either over or under a chest muscle. The implants are placed in incisions that are made in the lower breast fold, the armpit or the areola (the area that surrounds the nipple). The breast implants that are placed via breast augmentation surgery are made of a silicone shell that contains a silicone gel or saline (which is a salt water solution). The cosmetic surgeon will meet with the patient before the surgery is performed to discuss the desired final results and to make sure the patient is an ideal candidate for cosmetic breast augmentation. The surgeon will also make sure that the patient has realistic expectations and wants final results that look natural in appearance and are not so large that they look unnatural enough where it is obvious to others that breast augmentation has been performed on the person.
While many women undergo cosmetic breast surgery to increase the size of their breasts, there are a large number of patients looking to decrease the size of their breasts through breast reduction surgery.
These women often have breasts that are large and heavy which causes them to experience certain conditions such as back and neck pain and a general feeling of discomfort thanks to the heavy weight of the breasts. During cosmetic breast reduction surgery, the doctor will remove excess breast tissue, as well as skin and fat surrounding the breast tissue, to reduce the overall size of the breasts. It should be noted that the performance of breast reduction surgery can lead to a change in breast sensation and also impact the ability of the patient to breastfeed.
The need for breast reconstruction surgery often occurs after a female patient has undergone a mastectomy because of breast cancer. Cosmetic breast reconstruction will recreate one or both breasts along with the volume, look and contour to the breasts desired by the patient. In addition, the nipple and the areola of the breast are also recreated by the cosmetic surgeon. Unfortunately, the normal functions and sensations of the breasts do not return after breast reconstruction surgery because the sensory nerves and/or milk glands and ducts have been removed or significantly injured before the cosmetic breast reconstruction process.
In order to create the look, volume and contour desired by the patient, the surgeon can use implants or the actual tissue of the patient. If an implant is used for cosmetic breast reconstruction, the implant will be sized in order to properly match the opposite breast. In general, the implant is placed beneath the chest muscle of the patient. As mentioned above, the breast can also be recreated using a woman's own tissue such as a segment of the lower abdominal wall or the back muscle as well as muscle, fat or skin from the buttock area. In order to gain proper symmetry with the opposite breast that is not being reconstructed, surgery might be performed on the “normal breast” in order to ensure symmetry with the breast that has been reconstructed.
Breast lift surgery, AKA a mastopexy, is performed on women with skin that is not strong enough to support the weight of the breast. If the skin is not strong enough to support the breast weight, the breasts can sag and look droopy in appearance. In order to give the breasts a younger and more youthful appearance, the cosmetic surgeon will remove excess skin on the breasts. A breast lift can be performed using a number of incision techniques including:
Cosmetic breast lift surgery will leave some permanent scarring but the amount of scarring depends on the complexity of the surgery and the healing ability of each individual patient.
Before making the final decision to undergo cosmetic breast surgery, patient should consult with a board-certified doctor that is experienced in performing cosmetic breast surgery. The doctor will examine the patient to determine if the person is an ideal candidate for cosmetic breast surgery as well as the best technique to use to achieve the desired final results.