Deep peels, which are also known as a TCA Peel or a deep chemical peel, addresses facial imperfections such as deep wrinkles, severe photo-damage and acne scars in the top layers of the skin. A deep peel also works to promote healthy skin regrowth that leaves the new skin smoother and brighter and more youthful in appearance. These peels use aggressive chemical mixtures with either trichloroacetic acid (TCA) of concentrations greater than 50% or a solution of phenol to rejuvenate the face. Interested in having a deep peel to gain a younger look in the face? Cosmetic Town shares the info about this skin rejuvenation method in the article below.
In general, patients who are ideal candidates for a deep peel include someone who wants to reduce the signs of aging on the face including wrinkles that are coarse or deep in appearance. Someone with blemishes or an uneven skin tone is also a suitable candidate along with anyone that wants to gain smoother skin without undergoing a surgical procedure.
A deep peel is a cosmetic procedure that is performed in the office of a doctor under local anesthesia or in a surgical facility under general anesthesia. The chemical solution will also contain an anesthetic to numb the skin as the deep peel penetrates into the deeper tissue.
A deep peel can take one to two hours to perform. After sedation, a chemical is applied to the skin of the patient with an applicator. The solution is left on the skin at intervals ranging from 10 to 20 minutes before they are washed off with water. The process is repeated several times to achieve the desired results. The doctor will apply a soothing ointment to the area to help ease any discomfort.
Patients with mild to moderate skin imperfections might be better candidates for a light or medium-depth peel. A chemical peel can be light or aggressive and the decision depends on what the patient needs to resolve their skin issues. Light and medium-depth peels do not penetrate the skin as deeply, so they involve less risks and downtime than deep peels.
After a deep peel is performed, the patient will experience some mild to moderate discomfort that can be managed using oral pain medication. The face will be red and swollen for the first few days after the treatment until about two weeks after the procedure. Crusting and itching of the face is common for a few days but the patient will be instructed on how to clean the face. It is important to follow all post-treatment instructions in order to keep the wound clean and free of an infection. Approximately ten days after a deep peel, the crust will start to flake off and reveal a new layer of skin that is bright pink (like bad sunburn). Patients will not be permitted to wear any makeup until two weeks have passed after a deep peel. Patients should feel comfortable enough to go out in public about four weeks after the treatment, but they will need to protect the new skin with sunblock since it will be more susceptible to sunburn.
The results of a deep peel are noticeable after about two weeks once the redness on the skin has started to subside. It can take two to three months for the pinkness to fade and for the final results to be noticeable. A deep peel can make the skin look and feel younger by almost ten years. In fact, the results can last for up to ten years as long as the patient adopts a regular and proper skincare routine. Sunscreen, with an SPF of 30 or more, should be applied before going outside to protect the skin from the sun and to help maintain long-lasting results.
Patients with darker skin tones are limited in having a deep peel since there is a greater risk of discoloration. In addition, patients with loose or sagging skin might be better candidates for a facelift. In general, patients are limited to one treatment because of the risk of skin damage from the deep peel.
Some of the most common risk of a deep peel include:
A deep peel can make a dramatic improvement in the appearance of deep wrinkles and acne scars along with the tone and texture of the skin. After a deep peel is performed, the patient will enjoy a smoother and more rejuvenated look to the skin without the need to have a surgical procedure. A deep peel should always be performed by a board-certified doctor with experience in the procedure since it is an aggressive treatment for the skin. In addition, patients should be prepared for an extensive recovery period after the deep peel treatment.