Gum contouring, AKA gum lift, is for patients unhappy with the size and proportion of their gums. A special dental laser removes excess gum tissue located around the teeth. It also reshapes uneven gums and makes them symmetrical. Pocket reduction, AKA gum flap surgery, is performed after removing plaque and tartar from the teeth. An incision is made in the gums to reach the underlying tooth structure. Infected gum tissue and bacteria is removed. Soft tissue grafting, AKA a gum graft, treats receded gum tissue from gum disease. The dentist takes tissue from the palate, or elsewhere in the mouth, to restore the gums and prevent further damage.